Kumbon Binciken Sararin Samaniyar Amurka Ya Kwanta Dama

Ranar Jumu’a, 23 ga watan Satunba ne babban tauraron dan adam din nan na kasar Amurka mai suna Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) ya ruso cikin wannan duniya tamu, bayan kwashe shekaru ashirin yana shawagi a cikin falaki.  Tauraron, wanda hukumar Binciken Sararin Samaniya na Kasar Amurka mai suna NASA ta cilla zuwa sararin samaniya tun shekarar 1991, ya fara konewa ne sannan ya tarwatse, kafin ya shigo cikin wannan duniya, a yammacin Jumu’ar da ta gabata.  Hukumar NASA dai ta bayar da sanarwar shigowar wannan tauraro nata ne kasa da mako guda kafin shigowarsa.  Inda ta ce tana sa ran shigowarsa ne tsakanin ranar Jumu’a ko Asabar da ta gabata.

 

Wannan tauraron dan adam mai suna Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite dai an cilla shi zuwa sararin samaniya ne ranar 12 ga watan Satumba, 1991, inda ya fara shawagi cikin falaki a ranar 15 ga watan, wato kwanaki uku bayan cilla shi kenan. An kuma harba shi ne cikin kumbon sararin samaniya mai suna STS-48, daga babbar tashar harba tauraron dan adam mai suna Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex a kasar Amurka. Babbar manufar da tasa kasar Amurka kerawa tare da cilla wannan tauraron dan adam zuwa cikin falakin sararin samaniya dai ba ta wuce manufar bincike kan wasu sinadaran kimiyya da ke samuwa a saman sararin samaniyan wannan duniya tamu, wato Upper Atmosphere kenan, kamar yadda sunan tauraron ya nuna.  Bayan  gano sinadaran kimiyya (wato Photochemical Research), har wa yau daga cikin aikinsa akwai auna mizanin zafin rana da ke cillowa zuwa cikin wannan  duniya tamu, wato Ultraviolet Rays kenan.  Wannan tauraro dai yana dauke ne da na’urorin daukar hoto daga sararin samaniya, da na’urar da ke sinsino sinadaran kimiyya a sararin samaniya, da na’urar da ke taskance sinadaran hasken rana don karfafa batiran da tauraron ke amfani da su don samar da wutar lantarki, wato Solar Panels kenan.

 

Hukumar NASA ta tanada wa wannan tauraro tsawon shekaru goma shabiyar ne a sararin samaniya don gudanar da ayyukansa, kuma ya gama ayyukansa ne cikin shekarar 2005, daga nan ya ci gaba da shawagi a cikin falaki a matsayin sharar sararin samaniya, wato Space Junk.  Bayan shekaru biyar sai ya nufato wannan duniya tamu, don kwanta dama.  A iya tsawon shekarun da tayi tana lura da shawagin wannan tauraro na UARS, Cibiyar Lura da Tauraron dan Adam na kasar Amurka mai suna Joint Functional Component Command (JFCC) a cibiyar sojojin sama da ke Vandenberg a jihar Kalfoniya, tace sadda ya shigo cikin sararin wannan duniyar ta mu, wannan tauraro ya yi shawagi ne daga Gabar Afirka, ya kewaya ta Tekun Maliya, ya hauro Tekun Pacific, ya gangara Arewacin Kanada, ya karaso Arewacin Tekun Atlantika, sannan ya kutso Yammacin Afirka, kafin ya wargaje a wani muhallin da har ya yanzu ba a sani ba.

 

Kafin kutsowa cikin wannan duniyar tamu, tauraron UARS ya fara konewa ne daga sararin samaniya, kamar yadda taurarin dan adam ke yi idan suka zama shara a sararin samaniya, sannan ya daidaice, dukkan bangarorinsa ashirin da shida suka wargaje.  A halin yanzu dai hukumar NASA na gudanar da bincike ne don gano inda buraguzan wannan tauraron dan adam suka fadi.  Amma ta nuna cewa akwai tabbacin cewa bai fado kan wani gari ko al’umma ba, musamman ganin cewa galibin lokacin shawaginsa bayan shigowarsa duniya duk ta saman teku ne ya gudana.

 

Baban Sadik

Baban Sadik marubuci ne, kuma mai bincike a fannin kimiyya da fasahar sadarwar zamani da tasirinsu ga al'umma a kasashen Afrika, musamman Najeriya. Ya tanadi wannan shafi ne don taskance dukkan kasidun da yake gabatarwa a shafinsa na jaridar AMINIYA mai take: "Kimiyya da Kere-kere," wanda ya faro tun shekarar 2006; shekaru goma kenan a takaice. Bayan kasidun shafin jarida, wannan shafi har wa yau yana dauke da wasu kasidun da ya gabatar a tarurruka da aka gayyace shi, ko wasu hirarraki da gidan rediyon BBC Hausa yayi dashi a lokuta daban-daban. Baban Sadik na zaune ne a birnin tarayyar Najeriya, wato Abuja.

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