Tsakanin “Windows XP” da “Windows Vista”, Wanne Tafi Inganci? (2)

Ingancin Babbar Manhajar “Windows XP”

Tun bayyanar nau’in farko na babban manhajar Windows, kwararru kan harkar kwamfuta sun yarda cewa ba a taba samun nau’in Windows da ya samu karbuwa irin Windows XP ba, har yanzu kuwa.  Wannan ya faru ne saboda dalilai masu yawa.   Da farko dai manhajar Windows XP na da cikakken natsuwa, bata cika rikicewa ba kamar sauran wadanda suka gabace ta.  Na biyu kuma tana da kare-karen manhajoji da jami’ai (software drivers) masu taimaka wa mai amfani da ita wajen hada alaka tsakaninta da wasu kwamfutocin.  Sannan tana da hanyoyin tsaro masu taimakawa wajen tsare maka bayananka da dukkan manhajojin da kake amfani dasu.

 

Idan kana mu’amala da fasahar Intanet, fargabanka kadan ne dangane da ‘yan dandatsa masu ketowa cikin kwamfutocin mutane suna aikata ta’addanci iri-iri, musamman idan kana yawan kara mata tagomashi ta hanyar Windows Update da kamfanin ke bayarwa a kusan dukkan mako.  Tabbas babban abin da ya kara yaduwar ‘yan dandatso a duniya shi ne kasancewar kusan kashi sittin cikin dari na masu amfani da babban manhajar kwamfuta a duniya suna yi ne da na kamfanin Mircosoft, wato Windows. 

 

Hakan na faruwa ne sanadiyyar hanyoyin da kamfanin ke bi wajen kawatawa da kuma tsara manhajar, don masu amfani da ita su samu sauki.  To amma hakan baya yiwuwa musu ta sauki.  Wannan ma tasa galibin kamfanoni masu saye da sayarwa ta hanyar Intanet basu amfani da babban manhajar uwar garke (Server) ta kamfanin Microsoft, sai dai nau’ukan Linux ko Unix ko kuma Mac, don sun fi karko wajen kariya da kuma baiwa mai mu’amala natsuwa a zuciyarsa.  To duk da haka dai manhajar Windows XP ta samu karbuwa fiye da kowace babban manhajar kwamfuta da kamfanin Microsoft ya fitar.

 

Kamfanin Microsoft bai fitar da wata sabuwar babban manhaja ba bayan Windows XP sai bayan shekaru biyar, lokacin da ya fitar da Windows Vista, a Janairun shekarar 2007.  Kafin wannan lokaci, an samu nau’ukan Windows XP wajen uku; Service Pack 1 da Service Pack 2 da kuma Service Pack 3.  Kafin bayyanar Windows Vista, mutane da dama sun yi ta haba-haba da Allah Allah da bayyanar ta.  Amma ko da kamfanin Microsoft ya fitar da wannan manhaja, sai da dama cikin manyan kamfanoni suka ki amfani da ita kai tsaye.  Wasu suka ce sai bayan shekaru zasu mika wuya, wasu kuma suka ce har abada, ba su ba Vista.  To me ya kawo hakan?

 

Da farko dai, kamar sauran babban manhajar kwamfuta da kamfanin Microsoft ya saba fitarwa, Vista na dauke da kayatattun abubuwa masu taimaka wa mai mu’amala da kwamfuta, musamman kan abin da ya shafi neman taskantattun bayanan da ke cikin kwamfutarka, ta hanyar Matambayi Ba-ya-bata, wato Windows Search.  Bayan wannan, wani siffa da Windows Vista ke takama da shi shi ne kan abin da ya shafi kyale-kyale na dukkan abin da zaka bude.  Zaka ga dukkan fuskar kwamfutarka na cike da ado da kuma hanyoyin nemo manhajoji ko bayanan da ka adana cikin sauki, kamar yadda bayani ya gabata a sama.

 

A daya bangaren kuma, wannan babban manhaja ta Windows Vista da dukkan nau’ukanta, na bukatar mizani mai dimbin yawa kafin ka dora wa kwamfutarka ita, don samun damar mu’amala da ita.  Sabanin Windows XP da dukkan nau’ukanta, wacce ke bukatar dan takaitaccen ma’adana (daga 128MB RAM zuwa 512MB RAM) don shiga kwamfutarka, mafi karancin nau’in Vista, irin su Windows Vista Home Basic ko Premium Edition na bukatar a kalla ma’adanar sarrafa manhajar kwamfuta (RAM) mai mizanin tarin bayanai biliyan daya, wato 1gigabyte (1G).  Har wa yau, ba za ka samu irin hanzarin da kake bukata ba idan ba kaiwa kwamfutarka umarnin aikata wani abu.  Bayan wannan, wani abin bakin ciki shi ne, duk da wannan kyaun siffa da manhajar Vista ke takama da shi, ba dukkan manhajojin kwamfuta zaka iya sanya mata kayi amfani da su ba.  Wasu baza su shiga ba, wasu kuma su shiga, amma ka kasa samun biyan bukatarka da su.

 

Har wa yau, sai dan Karen saibi.  Maimakon a ce tunda har wannan babban manhaja na bukatar mizani mai tarin yawa, idan ta samu ta biya bukata, ina, ko kadan!  Abin da yafi kusan baiwa kowa haushi shi ne yawan sumewa da wannan manhaja ta Vista ke sanya kwamfutarka ta rika yi akai-akai, wato Hanging, ko Crashing.  Kamfanin ya sha bayanin cewa bayan wasu ‘yan lokuta abubuwa zasu daidaita, amma har yanzu galibin mutane da wasu kamfanoni basu amince ma wannan manhaja ba.  Kusan duk sun ci gaba da amfani da tsohuwar manhajar Windows XP, wacce tafi Vista aminci nesa ba kusa ba.

 

Wani abin mamaki ma shi ne, hatta kamfanin Intel Inc. wacce ke da hadin guiwa da kamfanin Microsoft, ya sanar da cewa ba zai canza babban manhajar kwamfutar da kamfaninsa ke amfani dasu daga Windows XP zuwa Windows Vista ba, duk da kusancin da ke tsakanin kamfanonin biyu.  An kuma kiyasta cewa wannan kamfani na Intel Inc. ya mallaki kwamfutoci sama da dubu tamanin masu dauke da manhajar Windows XP, wanda a cewarsa, rashin amince ma ingancin manhajar Windows Vista ya hana shi wannan sauyi.  Idan haka ne, wannan ke nuna cewa koke-koken da galibin mutane ke yi kan ingancin Vista, musamman dai a yanzu, yana da asali da wannan dalili na rashin inganci.

 

Ana cikin haka ne, sai kamfanin Microsoft, ranar 30 ga watan Yuni ya bayar da sanarwar cewa zai daina sayar da sabbin manhajar Windows XP  cikin shekarar 2009 da ke tafe.  Wannan ke nuna cewa duk dillalan da ke dauke da wannan manhaja ta Windows XP da zarar ta kare a shagunansu shikenan, mutane basu da wani zabi illa su sayi sabuwar manhajar Windows Vista, duk da dimbin matsalolin da take dauke dasu kuwa.  A cikin sanarwar ta ci gaba da cewa, zata ci gaba da baiwa masu dauke da ingantattun manhajar Windows XP din tallafi, har zuwa shekarar 2014.  Wannan tallafi, ita ce hanya mafi sauki da mai amfani da wannan manhaja zai rika samun damar kara wa manhajar kuzari da kuma warware dukkan matsalolin da ka iya samun sa; ya Allah ta hanyar tuntubar kamfanin ta wayar tarho ne ko ta hanyar zuko manhajojin kara kuzari ne, wato Windows Update. 

 

Kafin wannan sanarwa, akwai rade-radin cewa kamfanin Microsoft na aiki a kan wata sabuwar manhaja mai suna Windows 7, wacce a cewar jami’an kamfanin, za ta maye gurbin Windows Vista ne, cikin shekarar 2010.  Wannan tasa galibin kamfanoni suka ce sun gwammace su jira wannan sabuwar manhaja da su yi gangancin dora wa kwamfutocinsu masu dauke da muhimman bayanai manhajar Vista, wacce basu amince wa ingancinta ba.

 

A karshe, wannan tasa wasu cikin masu fashin baki a harkar sadarwa ta kwamfuta ke ganin cewa duk yadda kamfanin Microsoft ya kai wajen inganta babban manhajar Windows Vista mai ci a yanzu da kuma Windows 7 da yake kokarin fitarwa nan da shekaru biyu masu zuwa, aikin banza kawai yake yi.  Domin, a cewar wasu kwararru kan harkar kwamfuta, tun tubalin  ginin farko na manhajar Windows (wato windows kernel) da kamfanin yayi shekaru sama da talatin da suka gabata, akan sa kamfanin ke gina duk wani sabon gini na sabuwar manhajar da yake fitarwa.  Wannan tasa suke ganin wannan tubalin gini manhajar Windows, wato windows kernel, ya gaji, don haka kamfanin Microsoft ya sauya tsari; yayi koyi da kamfanoni irin su Apple da Linux ko irin su Mac, in har yana son yaci gaba da rike kasuwar manhajar kwamfuta a duniya, kamar yadda yayi ta yi cikin shekarun baya.

Baban Sadik

Baban Sadik marubuci ne, kuma mai bincike a fannin kimiyya da fasahar sadarwar zamani da tasirinsu ga al'umma a kasashen Afrika, musamman Najeriya. Ya tanadi wannan shafi ne don taskance dukkan kasidun da yake gabatarwa a shafinsa na jaridar AMINIYA mai take: "Kimiyya da Kere-kere," wanda ya faro tun shekarar 2006; shekaru goma kenan a takaice. Bayan kasidun shafin jarida, wannan shafi har wa yau yana dauke da wasu kasidun da ya gabatar a tarurruka da aka gayyace shi, ko wasu hirarraki da gidan rediyon BBC Hausa yayi dashi a lokuta daban-daban. Baban Sadik na zaune ne a birnin tarayyar Najeriya, wato Abuja.

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